WHAT IS AN ATS CONTROL PANEL
An ATS control panel is the ideal choice in cases where you have to control a power generator that is connected to the Mains in a standby configuration. The ATS control panel is always waiting for a failure of the power utility. An ATS control panel automatically manages the connection assignment of the LOAD to MAINS or GENERATOR. The ATS control panel includes an automatic battery charger and a set of electronic circuit boards complete with power relays that interface with the engine Auto Start module. The ATS controller is conveniently tasked with driving the contactors. Despite the fact that the power configuration is the same for all panels, the dimensions and weight of an ATS control panel depends on the nominal power of the system.
GSM BASED ATS CONTROL PANEL
Out of any doubt the importance of an efficient remote monitoring system is growing day by day. The costs to deliver people for support and maintenance are dramatically growing. Bernini Design provides solutions for remote ATS control panel and monitoring via GSM. You can purchase already made system. It is about ATS control panels made in the range 15kVA up to 130 KVA already fitted with GSM system or it is about KITs that you can add to existing power generator s or panels.
THE CORE OF AN ATS CONTROL PANEL
Out of any doubt the core of a good ATS control panel is the ATS controller. Bernini Design manufactures state-of-art ATS controllers micro controller based. Despite the complex software the product in your hands is user friendly and in any case let you full manual control of the system. Thanks to solid state display and indicators you can benefit of an high reliability in a full operating range -30°C up to +70°C. Be28 ATS controller is the best choice.
HOW TO USE AN ATS CONTROLLER
The ATS controller BE28 features a simple and user friendly interface. Each command is committed to make a specific and intuitive function. The front fascia features high-brightness indicators to make you understand immediately the status of your electric system.
HOW THE AUTO MODE OF AN ATS CONTROL PANEL WORKS
The AUTO mode is the most interesting ATS control panel mode of operation. The main ATS controller duty is to continuously monitor the status of the MAINS. The ATS controller allows you to set low/high limits for Mains Voltage and Frequency. You can program limits for the difference of voltage between phases. You can set a preferential phase rotation as well (CW or CCW). Additionally, you can set a limit of power. In other words you can disconnect the load from the MAINS when the request of energy rises above a certain limit. All these parameters are compared with the status of the Mains. When the ATS control panel will find an abnormal situation (for a defined period of time), the ATS control panel will disconnect the load from the Mains. This helps you preventing a severe damage to your load. You can imagine what will happen supplying a power equipment rated at 380-440Vac with a supply of 200V! Or worse than that, if by mistake someone changed the rotation of the phases (by connecting the wires in a different order) and you have to supply a 3-phase electric motor. Not mention the problems caused by over voltages. We can say that the ATS plays an important role; more that a simple Automatic Transfer Switch. Then, if the failure persists for over the programmed time, the ATS control panel will send a command to start to the generator Auto Start Module fitted on the diesel generator. After starting the generator, the ATS control panel will check the quality of the generator electrical parameters (again here you can set limits on several parameters). Once detected that the parameters are within the allowed limits, the ATS control panel will close the generator circuit breaker. In case of prolonged power outages, your load is safely supplied by your emergency generator and the ATS control panel continuously monitor the system. You can set limits of load or current in order to prevent overloading
of your generator. The ATS control panel as mentioned above does not forget to monitor the Mains! So, when the Mains parameters will return within the programmed settings, the ATS control panel will transfer the load to MAINS. This will happen after a delay that will ensure that the Mains is in stable conditions. Once your load is connected to the Mains, the engine will run for a programmable time (so called COOLING DOWN TIME) without load. After the cooling down time the engine will stop and the ATS control panel is ready for a new power outage. The ATS control panel features a MANUAL mode and a TEST mode of operations. This adds flexibility to your system and you can take the control of the load under your
ATS CONTROL PANEL CONNECTIONS
 RS485 SERIAL INTERFACE  CONFIGURABLE DIGITAL INPUTS
 CONFIGURABLE SPARE INPUTS  POWER SUPPLY
 CONFIGURABLE STATIC OUTPUT CONNECTIONS
 3-PHASE CURRENT TRANSFORMER CONNECTIONS
 ALTERNATOR & MAINS VOLTAGE CONNECTIONS
 REAR COVER FIXING SCREWS  FIXING SCREWS
 RESERVED AREA FOR END USER INFORMATION
THE WIRING DIAGRAM OF AN ATS CONTROL PANEL
Ancillary devices are normally provided, example: RS485 serial interface, remote control, monitoring systems, Modems, Internet connection and so on. Available sizes on the market are normally in the range 10-1000kVA. This is the basic Panel Circuit Diagram configuration with an ATS controller. The ATS controller is wired to the MAINS via protection fuses. The fuses protects the cables from short circuits. The ATS Controller presents normally an high impedance over 4 Mega ohm on the voltage measurements inputs. The ATS controller is wired to the GENERATOR via protection fuses in the same way as above.Current of the generator is measured via Current Transformers. The ATS controller drives the coils of the Switch-gears. The ATS controller is connected to the engine via cables. In some cases extra driver relays are required if the distance is over 100 meters. The ATS controller provides a request of start (R.O.S) to the local Auto Start module controller. The ATS controller is optionally tasked to monitor and charge the battery via a battery charger. The supply of it is protected by fuses. The Power Circuit Breakers are included in the panel in a way to connect the Load to the Generator or Mains.
A serial interface allows you a remote control and monitoring. The components are inclosed in a steel cabinet. The frontal doors features a key lock to avoid NOT-authorized access and an Emergency Switch to disable the panel and/or the Generator. A more complex ATS panel may include extra relay for extra-alarm indication and electronic boards to interface with external programmable logic controller. All modes of operation are normally chosen directly on the front panel of the Automatic Transfer Switch Controller, but in some cases some extra key-switches are required to switch the mode of operation. All connections to the panel are made via terminal block with a proper size. The most advanced ATS control systems provides a Canbus module to interface with SAE J1939 compatible engines. In this way the ATS control panel send the start request directly to the ECU's engine.