Generator Controller Blog
INFORMATION AND GENERAL TIPS ABOUT GENERATOR CONTROLLERS AND CONTROL PANELS. HOW TO USE A POWER GENERATOR. HOW TO CONNECT A GENERATOR TO YOUR HOME. HOW TO USE A GENERATOR CONTROLLER.
How to make a generator auto start
There are several ways to make a generator auto start. There are five basic solutions:
- by using a remote switch to start and stop the generator
- by connecting a computer via twisted pair cable
- by using a RF remote control
- by connecting a modem to a GSM network
- by using the Internet via TCP-IP protocol
Bernini Design offers tools and equipment in a way that you can transform your power generator in a fully automatic remote-control based power generator. Lets see each single solution.
GENERATOR AUTO START USING A SWITCH
It seems the simplest way, but it is not. If you your generator features a generator controller that support the auto mode of operation, probably you will find an input terminal with the name 'remote start'. In this case, you can connect a switch between this terminal and, usually battery minus. Normally battery minus is connected to ground. But, this is not mandatory rule! We recommend that you connect the wire not to ground. The best solution is to use a wire as indicated in the wiring diagram if not otherwise indicated in the user manual of your generator controller. Some controller offer N.C. (it starts the engine when you open the contact) or N.O (it starts the engine when you close the switch) options. It is about safety. Consider your goal in case you cut the connection!. A N.C. switch (e.g. you cat the wire) will hold the engine running. A N.O. solution will stop the engine (cutting the wire has the same result as opening the switch). On the left wiring diagrams for the most popular auto start module Be1, Be24 & Be124. On the following link a general purpose generator controller auto start module.
GENERATOR AUTO START USING MODBUS
In case you want to use a computer, you can take advantage of the RS485 serial interface. This serial interface supports the MODBUS protocol. You can connect on the same cable other devices that share the common bus. The maximum allowed distance is about 1000 meters. You can run the free of charge software application after connecting an RS485-USB converter. Using the software you not only can start and stop the generator, you can fully monitor all generator parameters. In the following section you can see some screen shots about the BeK3 generator controller. Click on the icon to open the full screen.
Simulating engine running condition of AMF controller
When you test your panel, in factory, sometimes, not having the engine, you are required to simulate the charger alternator. Follow the instructions.
A) Connect the JI3 to battery minus via a switch; when the switch is closed, you simulate a 'NOT RUNNING ENGINE
B) Before 'starting' the engine (MANUAL mode or AUTO mode) make sure the switch is closed.
C) Activate the start; the BEK3 will energize the FUEL SOLENOID OUTPUT (terminal JC7) and will immediately activate the START OUTPUT also (terminal JC4).
D) Open the switch; the JI3 terminal will reach the battery voltage (via the internal pull up resistor) providing an 'ENGINE RUNNING STATUS'.
E) The BEK3 will turn on the green indicator 'ENGINE RUNNING'and deactivates immediately the START OUTPUT (terminal JC4).