Generator Control Panel Tutorial

Generator Control Panel

The image above is about a 'Mutual Standby' generator control panel

The image below is about an Automatic Mains Failure Panel

Generator Control Panel Internal view

A generator control panel is a special kind of electric panel that contains specific electrical & electronic equipment. Despite the various applications of Electric Control Panels, we focus our attention to control panels connected to electric generators; so called Generator Control Panels. There are five basic versions of generator control panel: Automatic Mains Failure (AMF) generator control panel, Automatic Transfer Switch (ATS) generator control panel, HOME generator control panel, Manual Generator Control Panel & Aircraft Ground Support Equipment Panel (AGS)

AMF Generator Control Panel

AMF means AUTOMATIC MAINS FAILURE ; it  is about a generator control panel for a standby generator. You will use an AMF generator control panel where you have to control a generator that is connected to the Mains in a standby configuration. The AMF control panel manages, in a fully automatic way, the connection assignment of the LOAD to MAINS or GENERATOR.  The controller inside the panel features all programmable parameters that will allow the AMF control panel detecting a Mains Failure and a Mains Restore.  Typical sizes for a generator control panel are in between 10kVA up to 1000kVA. Normally, an AMF Control Panel contains ancillary equipment: battery chargers, terminal blocks, relays, fuses and ancillary control & monitoring equipment that will allow you a remote control. For telecom applications (e.g. antenna tower) we manufacture special AMF control panels that fit the telecom industry standards.

AMF CONTROL PANEL LIST      READ MORE ABOUT AMF PANELS    ABOUT BEK3

ATS Generator Control Panel

ATS means AUTOMATIC TRANSFER SWITCH. It is not exactly a Generator Control Panel but a Control Panel that connects a generator or Mains to your LOAD (house, factory and so on). An ATS Panel is the proper choice in cases where you have to control the 'direction' of the  electricity:  generator-load or mains-load. The ATS panel is less complex than an AMF Panels and more easy to use. It is normally fitted with an ATS controller that manages, in a fully automatic way, the connection assignment of the LOAD to MAINS or GENERATOR. The ATS controller sends to the generator control panel a request of start.  After sending a start request, the ATS panels simply waits the proper conditions for connecting the LOAD to the Generator. Typical sizes for ATS Panels are in between 10kVA up to 2000kVA.

READ MORE ABOUT ATS CONTROLLER    ABOUT ATS CONTROL PANELS

HOME Generator Control Panel

When there’s a utility power outage an HOME generator control panel turns on your home generator within seconds. It is about an advanced & compact Automatic Transfer Switch. This is the ideal choice for an Home Generator connected to the Mains Electricity in a standby configuration. It features  programmable parameters for total protection of the engine and generator.  You can use Gas or Gasoline engine or Portable Generators. A home generator control panel is the ideal choice for houses and villas where you wish to be in full control of your electricity services. 

READ MORE ABOUT HOME GENERATOR PANELS

Manual Generator Control Panels

A Manual Control Panel is a generator base frame-mounted control panel.  This panel incorporates a general purpose generator control module together with circuit breaker and ancillary equipment. It provides for manual and remote control of the generator, with operating parameters clearly shown on a high luminosity display. Full power monitoring and protection facilities are incorporated, including the display of kW, kVA and power factor.   The Manual Gemerator Control Panel is normally  manufactured of steel and coated with industrial grade high-performance paint. Sizes available are normally in the range 10-1000kVA.

READ MORE ABOUT MANUAL GENERATOR PANELS

AGS Aircraft Ground Support Equipment Generator Control  Panel

It is about special equipment to support grounded aircraft. This generator control panel features a special generator controller able to monitor voltages up to 1000Vac and 600Hz. These control panels are made of special material able to guarantee a safe operation in any weather condition. The software embedded in the controller provides troubleshooting tools to help the operator understanding and preventing failures.

Special Application Generator Control Panel

The two generators 'mutual standby' automatic mains failure control panel is designed to constantly monitor the mains supply. In case of mains failure the mutual standby generator control panel automatically starts both generators and supply the load until such time as the mains achieves full restoration. Based on the load request, the secondary generator will be stopped and will remain in standby ready to start.  Upon mains restoration the control system will change back to mains on load, running the generator off load for the programmed cooling down time before stopping. Upon the next occurrence of mains failure the generator control panel will automatically start the generators, but in case of a low power request, the other generator will be stopped. In other words, on each subsequent event of mains failure the generators will be loaded on a rotational basis. In case of a prolonged power outage each generator will work in turn for a programmed period of time. Each controller is connected to a Be16 GATEWAY. This module is a communication bridge that translates the native MODBUS protocol into TCP-IP protocol and to SMS in case of GSM communications. This panel in able to work in between -20 up to 70 degrees Celsius.  This is an example of a generator control panel, for a special application. It does make make you understand how flexible are the electronic controller fitted into Bernini Design generator control panels. 

 

What Is AMF Generator Control Panel

 It is about  a panel equipped with an AMF (Automatic Mains Failure) controller, automatic battery charger, changeover power switches, terminal blocks and ancillary equipment. The AMF controller is the AMF control panel main core. It is able to control a generator that is connected to the Mains in a standby configuration. In other words a system that is normally waiting for a failure of the Mains Power.

A panel fitted with AMF controller manages, in a fully automatic way, the connection assignment of the LOAD to MAINS or GENERATOR. The panel includes an automatic battery charger and a set of electronic circuit boards complete with power relays that interface directly with the engine.

The AMF controller is conveniently tasked with driving the Power Circuit breakers. Despite the fact that the power configuration and general arrangement are the same for all panels, the input/output lines for the engine connection and ancillary equipment depends on the type of controller fitted to the panel. In the example on the left the AMF control panel is fitted with a BEK3 AMF controller[1].

The AMF control panel directly interfaces with the engine via the programmable input/outputs lines [4]. The AMF control panel interfaces with switches fitted on the frame of the generator [3]. The AMF control panel is connected to the alternator via power cable capable of carrying the entire electric power of the generator. According to the mode of operation, the K3 controller drives the status of the internal power circuit breakers.

 

READ MORE ABOUT AUTOMATIC MAINS FAILRE PANELS

AUTOMATIC MAINS FAILURE PANEL FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS

GSM REMOTE CONTROL & MONITORING OF GENERATOR CONTROL PANELS

What is AMF Generator Control Panel
What is ATS Generator Control Panel

WHAT IS ATS GENERATOR CONTROL PANEL

It is about a panel equipped with an ATS controller, an automatic battery charger, two changeover power switches,
terminal blocks and ancillary equipment. An ATS (Automatic Transfer Switch) controller is the ATS control panel core. It is able to control a generator that is connected to the  Mains in a standby configuration. In other words a system that is normally waiting for a failure of the Mains Power. A panel fitted with ATS controller manages, in a fully automatic way, the connection assignment of the LOAD to MAINS or GENERATOR. The panel includes an automatic battery charger and a set of electronic circuit boards complete with power relays that interface directly with the engine AUTO START module.

The ATS controller is conveniently tasked with driving the Power Circuit breakers or Switch-gear. The power configuration and general arrangement are the same for all ATS panels; the only difference is the size of the switch gears. The ATS controller is more simple than an AMF controller. It provides only a start request to the AUTO START module fitted on the generator control panel [3].

In the example on the left the ATS control panel is fitted with a BE28 ATS controller [1]. The ATS control panel controls the engine directly via the AUTO START [4] connected with the cable [2]. The ATS control panel is connected to the alternator via a power cable [3] capable of carrying the entire electric power of the generator. According to the mode of operation, the BE28 ATS controller drives the internal power circuit breakers.

READ MORE ABOUT BE28 ATS CONTROLLER

READ MORE ABOUT ATS GENERATOR CONTROL PANELS

WHAT IS HOME GENERATOR CONTROL PANEL HOW TO CONNECT A GENERATOR TO YOUR HOME

What is Home Generator Control Panel. It is about an AMF/ATS panel suited for a small size standby generator. When there’s a utility power outage a home generator control panel turns on your home generator within seconds. It is a sort of advanced & compact Automatic Transfer Switch. This is the ideal choice for an home generator connected to the Mains Electricity in a standby configuration. It features  programmable parameters for total protection of the engine and generator. You can use any style of the engine, including gas or gasoline engine & portable generators. Despite the complexity of an AMF or ATS panel, a home generator control panel is a user  friendly equipment. It is the ideal choice for houses and villas where you wish to be in full control of your electricity services. It is at the same time an AMF control panel (it automatically controls the generator) and an ATS control panel (you can connect a portable generator and the panel takes care only about transferring the load). The Evolve 9 control panel is the typical example of advanced home generator control panel. The nominal size is 9KVA. A normal house or big villa needs as much as 7kW of power. This means the following utilities working simultaneously: 1 fridge,  1 air conditioner (or an electric heater), some lights, an oven, some tools for D.I.Y., 2 computers, 1 TV set an so on. The  Evolve 9kVA control panel fits in a plastic that aesthetically complies with your electrical installation. A qualified  electrician can install the generator control panel in a few hours. 

READ MORE ABOUT HOME GENERATOR CONTROL PANELS

 

Generator Control Panel Home Generator
 Bernini Design Srl Zona Industriale 46035 OSTIGLIA (ITALY)

e-mail: bernini@bernini-design.com

Tel 0039 335 7077148  

 
Generator Control Panel Home Generator